The tibia or shinbone is the long bone that joins the foot and the knee. Tibial fractures are common and frequently caused by an injury or repetitive strain on the bone.
In some cases, the sole symptom of a small fracture is a pain within the shin at the time of walking. In more serious cases, the tibia bone might protrude through the skin.
The healing and recovery time for tibial fractures varies and relies on the kind and severity of the fracture. Fractures may be treated by a medical professional depending upon nature and severity of injury and bone damage by Non-surgical or Surgical Treatment options.
What is tibia fracture?
A tibia fracture refers to any breaks or cracks in the tibia bone. The tibia is one of 2 bones that make up the lower leg, the other being the fibula. The tibia is the larger of those 2 bones.
The tibia plays a main role in body mechanics, as it is:
- the larger of the 2 lower leg bones
- responsible for supporting most of the body weight
- vital for correct knee and ankle mechanics
According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, the tibia is the most common long bone within the body to fracture.
A fractured tibia usually occurs with different types of tissue damage to the nearby ligaments or muscles. It should always be checked by a medical professional.
Symptoms of tibia fracture
Symptoms of a fractured tibia can include:
- lower leg swelling
- localized pain in one area of the tibia or many areas if there are multiple fractures
- leg deformity or uneven leg length
- difficulty or inability to walk, stand, or bear weight
- discoloration or bruising around the shinbone
- bone protruding through the skin
- sensation changes in the foot
- a tent-like appearance where the skin is being pushed by the bone
A cast, splint, or brace can be utilized to treat a tibia fracture if it is a stable fracture.
Treatment of a tibia fracture relies on many factors, including an individual’s overall health at the time of injury, and the extent or presence of damage to the soft tissues that surround the tibia.
In serious cases, surgery can be essential to ensure proper healing of the bone. A surgeon can place metal bone screws and bone plates (an orthopedic implant) on the bone to hold it in right place, enabling it to heal with minimal long-term damage.
The surgeon can also use rods placed inside the tibia or pins (known as Nails) through the bones to treat the fracture. In Open fracture, pins and wires will attach these to a rigid frame known as external fixator to hold the bone in place.
Where surgery isn’t essential or isn’t possible, as an example, because of a health of person, a doctor can use the following treatments for a fractured tibia:
- A cast or splint to hold the bone in place, stop it from moving and enable it to heal. A splint may be removed easily and so it is a more flexible treatment choice than surgical ones.
- A traction or functional brace, which is utilized in cases of less severe breaks to hold the bone in place when it heals
In several cases, an individual treated for a tibial fracture will need physical therapy and crutches or a walker to facilitate them get back on their feet.
Siora Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. is a renowned manufacturer of trauma Implants in India. It offers multiple Bone Plates – conventional as well as Locking Plates, Anatomical Plates for different types and locations of tibia fracture as also Interlocking Nailing System. The implant range is supplemented with special Orthopedic Instruments to assist the Orthopedic Surgeon to properly place the chosen implant at Tibia fracture site.